What is Gingivities

Gingivitis is a disease of the gum and supporting structure which is characterize by inflammation of gum tissue covering the underlying surfaces of the teeth. Gingivitis is a common gum disease ( periodontal disease) that cause irritation, redness, and swelling ( inflammation) of your gingiva the part of your gum around the base of your teeth. It’s usually cause by bacterial infection of which if left untreated it can proceed to a serious disease know as periodontitis. It’s estimated that gingivitis and periodontitis are the major causes of tooth loss in adults according to American dental association ( ADA). 

Signs and Syptoms of Gingivities

  1. Bleeding while brushing your teeth
  2. Redness of the gum tissues
  3. Gum swelling
  4. Gums being tender to touch with fingers of instrument
  5. Halitosis ( bad breath or mouth odour)
  6. Dental Plaque

7. Periodontal pocket

8. During mastication or bite on heard substance

Types of Gingivitis

There are two types of gingivitis in dentistry which are listed below ;

  1. Acute gingivitis: This is a type of gingivitis that is very severe but it last for a very short period of time and it can go by it self of by little treatment. Example acute ulcerative gingivitis ( AUG), pregnancy periodontitis. 
  2. Chronic gingivitis ; is a common type of gingivitis that is mustly mild but it last for very long period of time and it may proceed to form periodontitis. Example chronic marginal gingivitis (CMG), Chronic ulcerative gingivitis ( CUG).

Common Causes of Gingivitis

Gingivitis is usually cause by over growth of dental plaque. In addition improper dental hygiene can also cause gingivitis but it varies in some situation such as ; 

  1. Certain medications like phenitoin, cyclosporine, calcium channel blockers and oral injectable birth control drugs. Such kind of medications can cause gingivitis.
  2. Severe vitamin C deficiency. This can occur in a very rare cases. But its common among teens
  3. Hormonal changes such as pregnancy, and menopause.
  4. Leukemia: This is known as cancer of the blood.
  5. Diabetes.
  6. Heavy metal’s like nickel which can be found in some jewelry

7. Expose to bismuth.

8. Certain fungal and viral infection such as thrush 

9. Impacted tooth or tooth that is not fully emerge ( if this happens, the flap over a tooth can trap some food debris and cause gingivitis).

10. Mechanical injury. This occur as a result of direct mechanical force that heat the gum example, poor methods of brushing technique, accident e.t.c

How to Know That You Have Gingivities

During dental examination your dentist can easily observe some sign of gingivitis and he /she can use some instrument to examine your teeth, The dentist can use probe for detecting inflammation, it measure any pocket around your teeth,a typical depth is 1 to 3 millimeter.

Another you can use to know if you have gingivitis is when; you bleed while brushing your teeth. Or bleeding at any slightest touch in your gum.

Treatments of Gingivitis

Gingivitis can be easily treated by using drugs and some preventive measures such as ;

  1. Taking drugs such as Non steroids anti inflammatory drugs ( NSAID) eg diclofenac, ibuprofen.
  2. Antibiotics such as metronidazole, Amoxicillin.etc
  3. Warm water and salt 3 to six times daily for 3 to 5 days, this will help to speed up the gum recovery.

How Gingivitis can affect Your Oral Health

  1. Tooth loss: Severe form of gum disease known as periodontitis can lead to loss of supporting tissues holding the teeth which can lead to tooth loss.
  2. Mobile tooth: Severe progression of gum disease can cause your teeth to be mobile.
  3. Halitosis ( mouth odor): Gingivitis can cause bad breath; this is due to the infection of the gum.
  4. Periodontitis: Gingivitis can progress to a severe infection of the gum and supporting tissues known as Periodontitis.
  5. Necrosis of dental tissues: Another complications of gingivitis

Common things to do to Avoid Gingivitis

  • Visit your dentist after every six months even with out any noticeable oral health disease.
  • Brush your teeth twice daily last thing at night and after breakfast in the morning.
  • Maintain good personal hygiene this is important because it will prevent you from general body disease.